Planning family methods: Which are the safest techniques available?

If you have a partner or you’re a fertile woman who enjoy a healthy sex life, to know the different planning family methods, it’s pros and cons, is very important for you.

Talking to your gynecologist, or going to a Family Planning Centre, you can be informed quickly of all methods that exist, so at the end you could decide which method is the most suitable for you.

Natural methods are without a doubt the most common of the planning family methods, especially in people who have a stable relationship. The Calendar method is another option, where you are controlling the monthly cycle as thus determine which days are less fertile for a woman. In particular you should count 19 days of having started the cycle to reach the less fertile days of your cycle.

But be careful!: This method is only safe in women who have a very regular monthly cycle, and yet there is always a risk of being pregnant.Another similar option is to measure the temperature of your body, since the days in which we are more fertile, or during the menstrual cycle, our body increases the temperature very clearly. So you can know if there is no risk to being pregnant with a simple thermometer.

Artificial methods

On the other hand we have the artificial methods of planning family methods, which are pretty wide and varied. If you prefer the classic condoms but you are allergic to latex (or is it your partner), you should be aware that some brands of condoms already made preservatives that do not have latex but silicone.

A little less common than condoms, and is also difficult to get used at the beginning, is the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a metal and flexible ring that incorporates a membrane of latex that is placed in the vagina to prevent the passage of sperm into the uterus. The diaphragm can only be obtained by a prescription of the gynecologist, since each diaphragm is manufactured taking unique sizes of each woman’s vagina.

Similar to the diaphragm is the IUD, (or intrauterine device) as it serves as a barrier to prevent the passage of sperm. The main difference is that the IUD can only be placed in the uterus by a gynecologist, where it will remain as long as the women do not want to get pregnant. The use of the IUD can go from 3 to 12 years, depending of the model.

Artificial methods more aggressive with our body

Other artificial methods are sponges of birth control or contraceptive patches. They vary in size and shape and there are many models, but the operation is always the same: they introduce into the bloodstream a higher amount of oestrogen, which avoid the fertilization of the ovum, and the subsequent pregnancy.

In that sense, certainly the most aggressive chemical methods are the so called emergency contraceptive pills. Unlike normal birth control pills, these are taken after the sexual intercourse, when there is a risk that the fertilization of the ovum has taken place. What does the contraceptive pill is to stop that fertilization, so the pregnancy does not reach term.

Therefore it is a very aggressive method, which in many countries has not legalized to be considered a type of abortion, and you can only get it at Family Planning Centres. Likewise, excessive use of these pills (more than three times during a woman’s fertile age) can make that woman gets sterile.

Surgical methods

Although they are included in the artificial methods of planning family methods, surgical methods differ from artificial methods in two important things. One: they are not reversible, and thus have a 100% effective. And two: you always have to go through surgery to use them.

Within the surgical method, the most common operation for women is the tubal ligation of the fallopian tubes, which is the part of the female reproductive tract where are released the egg into the uterus. Therefore, if the fallopian tube is sewn through this surgical operation, it is impossible that the pregnancy comes to term.
In the case of men, the most common operation is vasectomy, involved about the so-called vas deferens, which is where the sperm is formed. As a result, the ejaculated semen does not contain sperm, so it is impossible to carry on with the fertilization of the egg.

Planning family methods for every woman

As you can see, there are methods for everyone, depending on each woman and above all depending on the type of sexual life that we are talking about. It is recommended to choose the suitable method for each woman and, if you have a partner, always choose between the two of the couple.

It is highly recommended to go to a specialist who will inform you about which method are the best for each one, and help you to resolve any doubts that you may have. Family Planning Centres will be pleased to help you.

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